So, you have got the Appium setup done & ready to write test cases in Robot Framework.
More details to get the setup up & running can be found here.
Now, you need to test an app & want to find out a way to find the Element IDs or xpath of the app.
There are couple of ways I prefer. One is uiautomatorviewer tool & the other is appium tool.
This blog explains how to find the IDs using the uiautomatorviewer.
This tool is available both for Mac & Windows.
In this example, will try to automatically open Youtube & enter a text in the search menu of Youtube.
- First, install the Youtube app that you would be testing on the Android device.
- Connect the Android device to the development machine through USB.
On the Android device, enable Developer options & enable USB debugging.For steps to do that I would suggest you to google ‘How to enable Developer options & USB debugging in Android <version>’
There would be plenty of links which would assist you in getting this done. I won’t repeat the same steps here.
After you connect this Android device to the server through USB, a window would pop up in the mobile device asking to allow USB debugging, just make sure you click on ‘ Always allow from this computer.
3. When you install Android SDK in the server, uiautomatorviewer is one of the tools which comes built in which helps in UI testing of the application.
Open a terminal in the server & enter.
4. Open the Youtube app in the android device & now click on the top left second icon in the uiautomatorviewer tool on the development machine.
5. Hover mouse on the search option & click on it to check the UI Element.
You can use the menu_search id to enter any text.
To use this in a Robot test case.
Check the 3rd line in the test case, the Input Text keyword takes an id=menu_search that we got from the step 5 above.
*** Settings *** Library AppiumLibrary Documentation demo for appium library Force Tags demo Resource demo/demo_resoure.txt *** Test Cases *** test_demo [Tags] Open Application http://localhost:4723/wd/hub platformName=Android platformVersion=5.1.1 deviceName=fd1bee6e app=com.google.android.youtube automationName=appium appPackage=com.google.android.youtube appActivity=HomeActivity Wait Until Page Contains Home timeout=10 Input Text id=menu_search Appium tutorial Click Element id=search_type_icon Close All Applications
Shivaram:Android shivaram$ pybot test_andriod_demo.txt ============================================================================== Test Andriod Demo :: demo for appium library ============================================================================== test_demo | PASS | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Test Andriod Demo :: demo for appium library | PASS | 1 critical test, 1 passed, 0 failed 1 test total, 1 passed, 0 failed ============================================================================== Output: /Users/shivaram/projects/Android/output.xml Log: /Users/shivaram/projects/Android/log.html Report: /Users/shivaram/projects/Android/report.html Shivaram:Android shivaram$ Shivaram:Android